North Africa - TUNISIA



Country Profile:

Home of the ancient city of Carthage, Tunisia has long been an important player in the Mediterranean, placed as it is in the centre of N.Africa, close to key shipping routes. The country gained independence from France in 1956 and is a presidential republic. After many years of heavy state direction and participation in the economy, Tunisia is in the process of economic reform. Prudent economic and fiscal planning, have resulted in steady growth over the past decade The Government’s control over economic affairs has lessened considerably, with around 160 state-owned enterprises being privatised since the privatisation programme commenced in 1987. The Government adopted a unified investment code in 1993 to attract foreign capital and currently there are over 1,600 export-oriented join-ventures operating in Tunisia.

Main Trade Partners:

France, Italy, Germany, Spain, Libya

Main Industries:

Petroleum, Fertilizer, Tourism, Mining, Textiles, Footwear, Agriculture, Beverages


10,383,577 (July 2008 CIA World Factbook est.)


163,610 sq. km.


77.0 bn. (2007 IMF est.)

GDP Real Growth Rate:

6.3% (2007 CIA World Factbook est.)

GDP per Head:

$7,473 (2007 IMF est.)

GDP per Sector:

Services 62.8%, Industry 25.7%, Agriculture 11.6% (2007 CIA World Factbook est.)

Stock Market Capitalisation:

$4.446 bn. (2006 CIA World Factbook)

Exchange Rate:

1 Tunisian Dinar = 0.799 US$ (September 2008))
1 US$ = 1.252 Tunisian Dinars

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